Horse Smarts offers engraved horse products, gifts, jewelry and horse classifieds
Pony Breed Descriptions A- C - Horse Smarts
Find horses for sale, horse gifts, engraving and equestrian jewelry
Horse Smarts Home PageEquestrian Jewelry, Horse Gifts, Engraved Nameplate, Engraving, Engraved Gifts, Leather Halters & Leads, Equestrian Gifts, Equine Artwork and More.Horses for Sale, Ponies for Sale, Horse Farms for SaleHorse Videos, Breed Information, Horse Back Riding InformationThe horse directory includes a list of links to horse related businessesContact Horse Smarts
Horse Smarts Pony Breed Descriptions
Breeds: A - CBreeds: D - FBreeds: G - IBreeds: J - LBreeds: M - OBreeds: P - RBreeds: S - UBreeds: V - Z

All descriptions below are from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - Click Here for Horse Breed Inforamtion
Pony Breed Descriptions
Pony breeds Main article: Pony

Ponies are usually classified as animals that mature at less that 14.2 hands. However, some pony breeds may occasionally have individuals who mature over 14.2 but retain all other breed characteristics. There are also some breeds that now frequently mature over 14.2 hands due to modern nutrition and management, yet retain the historic classification "pony." For the purposes of this list, if a breed registry classifies the breed as a "pony," it is listed here as such, even if some individuals have horse characteristics.

(Please note: Because of this designation by the preference of a given breed registry, most miniature horse breeds are listed as "horses," not ponies)

American Shetland, see Shetland Pony
American Walking Pony
The American Walking Pony is a relatively new breed, which was developed mainly for the use as a show horse in gaited competitions. Although it has three unique gaits, it is able to compete in seven. Due to its Welsh Pony heritage, the pony also makes an excellent light hunter.
Ariegeois Pony or Ariègeois
The Ariegeois pony a breed of mountain pony that is noted for being cold hardy and sturdy and does not thrive in heat. It is native to the Pyrenees and Ariegeois mountains of Spain and southern France, where the Ariège River flows. Thought to have originated in prehistoric times, the domesticated pony was used for work in mines and for hauling timber.
Horse Smarts offers many engraved horse design and engraved breed logo items in our online store. So stop by today and get your favorite horse image or breed engraved on a nameplate, key chain, jewelry, show awards and much more! See Engraving Options and items Now!
Assateague Pony, see Chincoteague Pony
Asturian Pony
The Asturcones , or Asturian ponies, small horses local to Asturias, have inhabited the Earth for the past 3000 years and, although at one point they were in danger of extinction, they were highly appreciated by the Romans.
Australian Pony , also known as Australian Riding Pony
The Australian Pony is a breed of pony that developed in Australia. Since the continent had no native horses or ponies prior to the arrival of European explorers and settlers, all equidae that now live there are from imported stock. Horses first arrived in Australia in 1788 on the ship First Fleet from South Africa. In 1803, the first Timor Ponies arrived from Indonesia, and provided the foundation stock for the breed. The Australian Pony also had later influence from the Welsh Mountain Pony, Hackney pony, Arabian, Shetland Pony, Highland Pony, Connemara Pony, Exmoor Pony, and from small Thoroughbreds . Stallions of influence include:
  • Sir Thomas and Dennington Court: Two Exmoor pony stallions who were imported in the mid-1800s
  • Bonnie Charlie: Hungarian stallion
  • Dyoll Greylight: Welsh Mountain Pony who arrived in 1911, is considered a founding sire.

By 1920, a distinct type of pony had emerged in Australia, and in 1931, the Australian Pony Stud Book Society was formed. Today, the pony is mainly used as a children's mount and for smaller adult novice riders. They compete in dressage, eventing, show jumping, combined driving, gymkhana, mounted games, and horse shows.

Avelignese Pony
The Avelignese Pony is an Italian version of the Haflinger.
The Horse Smarts online store carries a large selection of leather halters Walsh that come with a free engraved brass nameplate. Check out our leather Halters now!

Bali Pony
The Bali pony is an ancient breed now living on the Indonesian island of Bali. Its roots are unknown, although one theory is that ponies of ancient stock were brought from to Indonesia by the Chinese in the 6th century. If this theory is true, the Bali pony would owe much of its roots to the Mongolian horse. In addition to the Mongolian horse, it is known that some Indian stock were taken to Indonesia (although it is unknown exactly which breeds), and the Dutch also brought various eastern breeds to the country during the 18th century. Therefore, the Bali pony likely has been influenced by both the Mongolian horse, and various other eastern breeds.

The Bali pony has not been selectively bred for any particular quality. However, they easily perform the tasks required by the native people, including carting coral and stones from the beach. Their strength has also made them a popular mount for trekking and sightseeing tourists.

The Bali ponies are quite hardy and self-sufficient, surviving with little outside care. They are tough animals that are not shod and are remarkably sound, with hard feet, and strong legs. They ponies show the usual "primitive markings" such as a dorsal stripe, shoulder bars, and zebra stripes on the legs, in addition to their course coat with the ancient coloration of dun and black mane, tail, and legs. The ponies lack the traditionally "pretty" conformation, having a large and unrefined head, and upright shoulder that produces short and choppy strides. The chest and back are narrow, although the neck is usually of a good length. The ponies usually range from 12-13 hh. Both the conformation and the coloration produce a pony that looks similar to the Przewalski's Horse.
Bardigiano Pony
The Bardigiano is based on ancient stock and is probably related to the Abellinum breed of Roman times, to which the Haflinger and Avelignese can also be attributed. The Bardigiano developed over the years in the Northern Appenine region of Italy, and is especially adapted to its rough mountainous habitat. The breed is mostly bay, black or brown and stand up to 13 hands high.

Bashkir Pony
The Bashkir Pony is an ancient breed that has lived in the inhospitable regions of the Ural mountains in the former USSR for thousands of years. They are probably related to the Steppe horses of Western Asia and may contain other blood of Turkish origin. They have developed to become a quite remarkable pony breed, highly adapted to their harsh environment and a central part of the loacal steppe people's lives.

They have a heavy head with a straight profile, lively eyes, a full forelock and small alert ears. They have a short, strong neck, are deep chested with sloping shoulders, low withers, and a long, sometimes dipped back, with a low-set tail. Their legs are short and strong, and they have very hard hooves. They are usually bay, chestnut or palomino in colour, and have a prolific mane and tail. Heights vary between 13 and 14 hh.

Basque Pony
The tough, small Basque has roamed wild for centuries in France. But it has shown a remarkable ability to adapt to a domestic life and be a good riding pony.
Basuto Pony , also spelled Basotho Pony
The Basuto Pony is a pony breed of Lesotho and South Africa.

Batak Pony
The Batak Pony is an Indonesian breed. Originating in Central Sumatra, it is thought to have descended from Mongolian Horse and Arabian blood, and has continually been infused with Arabian blood throughout the century to improve its quality. The Batak is selectively breed by the Indonesians, and is often used to upgrade the quality the horses and ponies on nearby islands.

The Batak was once used as sacrificial animals for the gods, but is now employed in a less-gruesome occupation as a riding pony. The Arabian blood makes it spirited when needed, but the pony is generally quiet enough for children to ride, with an excellent temperament. Their speed also makes them popular for racing among the local population.

The ponies are slender, but still strong and sturdy. In general, they are well-conformed, and most of their faults are partly to blame on the poor forage to which they have access. The only other breed of the country which is of better quality is the Sandalwood Pony. The ponies have a fine head with a straight or slightly convex profile. The neck is short, thin, and weak, the withers are prominent. The chest and frame are narrow, the back is usually long, and the quarters sloping.The tail is set and carried quite high, due to the Arabian blood. The legs are often poorly conformed, with little muscle development, and long, fine cannons. The Batak is a very willing breed, and is quite hardy. They usually stand up to 13 hh, and may be of any color.
Horse Smarts carries a large selection of horse and equestrian related gifts and jewelry in our online store. Stop by our gift section today!

Bhutia Pony , also spelled Bhotia Pony
The Bhutia Pony originated in the Himalayan region of India. It is similar to the Spiti Pony and the native Tibetan Pony, as these animals have been interbred for years so that many of the individual characteristics have been lost, and are now all categorized as "Indian Country Bred." It is now found in the Buhtan, Sikkim and Darjeeling regions of India.

Suited to mountainous climate and terrain, they are not as able to endure humidity and heat. Lack of nutritious grasses generally affects the growth and development of the ponies, although they have become incredibly tough and self-sufficient, requiring little fodder. The conformation of these ponies is usually not superior. They have a large head and pronounced jaw, short neck, low withers, sloping quarters, and deep chest. The shoulder is a bit straight and upright, the legs, although short, are very strong. The ponies range in height from 12-13.2 hh, and are usually gray in color, although a few are chestnut or roan.

The ponies are kept mainly for work, mainly as pack ponies and sometimes for riding, to which their stamina and endurance serves them well. They generally have a willing and quiet temperament, although a few may be less-reliable.
Boer Pony
The Boer Pony is a calm, tough pony which is often capable of five gaits: walk, trot, canter, slow gait and rack. It is a slightly larger animal and has more quality than its close relative, the Basuto. It origionates from South Africa.

Bosnian Pony
The Bosnian Pony which originates in the former Yugoslavia, bears many similarities to both the Hucul and the Konik breeds of pony, with which they are collectively known as the Balkan breeds. They are all ancient breeds and the Bosnian pony is considered to have developed through a cross between the Tarpan and the Asian Wild Horse , also known as the Przewalkski horse. Further infusions of oriental stock probably would have been introduced to the breed by the Turks during the Ottoman Empire, and this led to a deterioration within the breed, which was rectified by repeated introductions of Tarpan blood.

In appearance, the ponies retain a fairly primitive look, which is in line with the Asian Wild Horse, but with greater quality and refinement due to the infusions of oriental blood. They have a heavy head with a straight profile, full forelock and small ears. They have a short muscular neck, with long sloping shoulders, a straight back, sloping quarters and a wide and deep chest. They are often bay, brown, black, grey or palomino in colour, and stand between 13 and 14.2 hh.

British Riding Pony, see Riding Pony

Burmese Pony
The Burmese Pony originated in the Shan state of Eastern Burma, where it is bred today by local tribes. It shows similarities to the Bhutia, Spiti, and Manipuri ponies of the Himalayan Mountains, suggesting these breed have a similar origin, most likely deriving from the Mongolian horse and other Eastern breeds.

The Burmese is well-adapted to its mountainous environment, being very sure-footed, tough, with great stamina and resistant to the harsh environment. This trait has made them extremely popular as trekking and pack ponies. The reliable ponies have a very quiet temperament and a willing nature, making them popular mounts for novices and children. At one time the Burmese were used as polo mounts for British colonials. However, they are not incredibly fast or athletic, so this was most likely due to the fact that they were the only mounts available at that time.

The ponies may reach 13 hh, and are brown, bay, chestnut, black, or gray in color. They are not particularly pretty horses, having been bred for function rather than looks. The head usually has a straight profile, the neck is muscular. The back may be long, and the croup is sloping. The ponies have less-pronounced withers, and a rather upright shoulder creating a short stride (which is desirable in mountainous terrain, even if considered a fault in a riding horse). The chest is deep and wide, the hooves are small and hard, and the legs are fine, yet strong.

Caspian Pony
The Caspian Pony was rediscovered in 1965 in a mountainous region of Northern Iran, not far from the Caspian Sea , by American-born Louise Firouz. Firouz was searching for small ponies to be ridden by children, when she happened upon a bay stallion in the town of Amol. The horse was pulling a heavy cart, and was nicely conformed with the body of a "well-bred oriental horse." She purchased the stallion, naming him Ostad, and he became a successful sire of children's ponies and a foundation for her breeding program. Finding that the animals were few in number and in poor condition, she began a breeding program at her riding school in Norouzabad, starting with seven mares and six stallions.

The Caspian is actually a miniature horse, and not a pony, despite reaching a maximum of 12 hh. It is thought to be one of the oldest horse or pony breeds in the world today, dating back from the now extict miniature horses of Mesopotamia, who lived in the region from 3,000 BCE until the 7th century. The ponies now inhabit an area between the Caspian Sea and the Elburz Mountains.

Efforts have made to help re-establish the breed. A breeding program was set up by the Shah of Iran, who established the Royal Horse Society at Louise and Narcy Firouz's Norouzabad Stud.

In the Fall of 1965 on a visit to her family in Great Falls, Va. Louise Firouz approached Kathleen McCormick with the Caspian story and photos of the ponies she had brought to Norouzabad. A plan was made to export a Caspian Stallion from Iran to the United States. Kathleen selected the stallion *Jehan from the group of photos. In April of 1966 William M.Santoro, DVM flew to Tehran, travel to the province of Mazanderan on the southern shore of the Caspian Sea where Louise rediscovered the Caspian ponies. Santoro accompanied *Jehan on the 4 day 8000 mile journey to New York. Because there was difficulty getting *Jehan out of Iran only a partbred breeding program was established in the U.S. and plans to import mares were put on hold.

During the Iranian Revolution, the ponies were again used as pack horses and for food, further depleting their numbers. Prince Phillip suggested that some of the ponies be shipped to England, to start a population, and in 1976, the Caspian Stud in England was formed, saving much of the foundation stock.

Following the revolution, the ban on horse ownership was lifted and Firouz managed to find 15 horses that could be used for breeding (after performing DNA testing to assure they were the Caspian breed). These horses began the Persicus stud, and in 1993, seven of the horses were exported for breeding in England, with the help of the Russian Horse Society. The combined efforts of breeders across the world have established the breed in several European countries, as well as Australia, New Zealand, and the United States. However, breeding efforts are further hindered by the fact that Caspian mares tend not to ovulate until a year after foaling.

Chincoteague Pony
The Chincoteague Pony is a hardy breed that originates on the Atlantic island of Assateague. The breed varies greatly in type and there is no true breed standard. Natural selection and the introduction of different breeds, most notably Arabian and Mustang, have led to this lack of a true type. Chincoteagues are known for being easy keepers and often do not require shoes. Most Chincoteagues are between 13 and 14.2 hands, but some have been known to reach 16 hands. Chincoteagues come in most all colors and patterns, with pinto being the most popular and the most prevalent. Chincoteagues have excelled in the show ring in a variety of disciplines.

The feral ponies residing in the Maryland side of Assateague are owned and cared for by the United States Park Service . They are referred to as Assateague Ponies.

The Chincoteague Pony Association was established in 1994. All ponies sold by the Chincoteague Volunteer Fire Department are eligible for registration as well as those bred by private breeders. There are a number of Chincoteague Pony breeders scattered around the United States, the Chincoteague Pony Breeders Association was established in 2006. Several of these breeders also breed descendents of Misty of Chincoteague.
Chinese Guoxia
There are many different breeds of horse in China, most of which are ancient and descended from the Mongolian horse. Although many of the breeds are small in stature, they are considered to be small horses, not ponies, and will often, when provided with good care and adequate nutrition, mature well over 14.2 hands. Many of the breeds within China bear distinct regional differences, so although they may have descended from common ancestors, they have developed differently according to their habitat and climate. However, one breed is considered actual pony breed and this is the Chinese Guoxia , found in southwest China.

Connemara Pony
The Connemara pony is a pony breed from Ireland. The breed makes excellent show ponies.

Strong and sturdy with a short back and sloped, muscular croup. The hindquarters are powerful. The shoulder is sloped and long, so they have a good stride length, and the pony has short, strong cannons and hard feet. The Connemara has a fine head with small ears and usually a slightly dished profile set on a well-arched neck.

The Connemara stands between 12.2 and 14.2 hands high, although some can grow taller and are therefore horse-sized, although still technically ponies genetically. The breed comes in grey, bay, brown, black, dun, chestnut, and occasionally roan. Pinto is not accepted.

Due to the fact that the Connemara is hardy and is possessed with tremendous agility as well as jumping prowess, the Connemara has been identified as the world's leading sports pony.

Looking to buy or sell a horse? Try the Horse Smarts Horse Classified Ads. It is a great way to list your horses for sale or find a horse for sale.

The pony breed information above is provided by Wikipedia. All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrightsfor details.)

Horse Smarts does not endorse or confirm accuracy of any information listed on this page. It was provided by Wikipedia. Horse Smarts does not endorse sites listed in the horse breed pages, the Horse Classified listings or link pages.

Top of the Page

Horse products, gifts and equestrian jewelry for sale
Engraved brass bridle plates, halter nameplates, stall plates, leather key fobs, dog ID tags, frame name plates, engraved breed logos and much more!!!
Horse inspired equestrian jewelry for sale
Horse inspired equestrian gifts for sale
Laser engraved custom phot products. Get your picture laser engraved on any of these items.
Top quality Walsh Leather Halters with free engraved nameplate and Leather leads available at Horse Smarts.
Engravedhorse show awards, sigs, plaques, jewelry, ceramic tiles, key chains, engraved nameplates, leather halters and more! Horse Smarts is your one stop horse show award source.
Engraved nameplate, leather halters and grooming products for sale
Engraved dog id tags, nameplates, leather dog collars, laser engraved dog collars, leashes and more!

Find information and sample poructs for our rotary and laser engraved items.

Horse Smarts - Horses for sale, trailers for sale, first rate horse classifieds
Search horses for sale or sell a horse in our horse classifieds
Horse classifieds are a great place to buy and sell horses Leather Walsh Halters for sale. Our Leather halters come with a free brass engraved halter nameplate.
Equestrian Horse Jewelry and EngravingSell a horse or find horses for saleHorses and ponies for saleHorse ClassifiedsEquestrian Engraved Horse Gifts For SaleEquestrian Engraved Horse Jewelry For SaleSell a horse or find horses for saleHorse Products - Leather Walsh halters with free engraved brass name plate.Horses For SaleSearch for ponies for sale in the horse classifiedsHorses and ponies for saleEquestrian horse gifts - Engraving - Show AwardsEquestrian Horse Jewelry and EngravingHorse and Equestrian gifts with custom engraving. Make great show awards.Horse and Equestrian JewelryHorse Products - Leather Walsh halters with free engraved brass nameplate.Search the Horse Classifieds to find horses for saleEquestrian horse gifts, custom engraving and awards.Equestrian Horse Jewelry, engraving and awards.